A Historic Moment for the Indian Space Program: Scientists discover an exoplanet

image_pdf

Just last week, scientists discovered 3 newly formed planets orbiting a star that is 4 times the size of the sun! The newborn planets that are also known as “protoplanets” were discovered using a giant telescope in the Atacama Desert in Chile.

For the first time in history, India also announced its discovery of an exoplanet.

What are exoplanets? These are planets that orbit a star outside the solar system. They come in a wide variety of sizes, from gas giants larger than Jupiter to small, rocky planets about as big as Earth or Mars.

Mount Abu Observatory; Editorial credit: / Shutterstock.com

A team of Indian scientists led by Abhijit Chakraborty from the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad discovered the new exoplanet, called EPIC- 211945201b or K-236b.

They used a special spectrograph integrated with a telescope at the Mount Abu Observatory to conduct their research. The instrument measures the slight wobble of a host star as it is tugged by orbiting planets. Using this data they deduce the mass and orbit of the planet. With spectroscopy, one can see the effects of the planet, but can’t actually, see an image of the planet.

So what do we know about this new exoplanet?

Distance From Earth 600 *light years away from Earth
Size 6 times the radii of Earth
Mass 27 times greater than Earth’s mass
Surface Temperature 600 degree Celsius As opposed To Earth’s 15 degree Celsius
Distance from its Star 7 times less than the distance between Earth and the Sun
Revolution 19.5 Earth days to revolve around its Sun-like star

 

**What’s a light year? A unit of measurement of distance in space. Specifically, it is the distance that light travels in one year. This approximates 10 trillion km!

India is now part of a select few countries that have discovered exoplanets. The team of scientists in Ahmedabad now aim to detect exoplanets closer to Earth’s mass (2 to 10 Earth masses). We wish them luck in their search for planets and life outside the solar system!


Contributed By: Anshini Jhaveri

Spread the love
No Comments Yet

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Write to us at
mail@currentkids.in

Help us keep currentkids, current! We’d love to hear about your crazy adventures and experiences. Send us your pictures, travel diaries, thoughts on cool new gadgets, gaming experiences and anything else you find interesting!

About Us

Welcome to our entertaining and empowering news source for kids with inquisitive minds! This is a digital space that keeps kids aged 8 and above (and your families!) connected to what’s happening in the world. We filter a wide variety of news, events, and interesting bits of trivia to develop short, relevant, unbiased content in creative formats. We give everyone something to relate to and get engaged with in short bytes of information with a snappy, chatty feel. We believe in encouraging curiosity, creativity and continued learning in our safe digital space.

Why is reading non-fiction important?

This helps curious minds to learn more about the outside world. It also enriches their vocabulary and their general knowledge. Simplified news helps children to express their opinions easily with their friends and family and gives them some perspective on complex issues. Our safe news website will give you parents a useful tool with which to navigate the digital world with your children.

We hope you enjoy our posts!

Biyash & Sunaina

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter and stay current!

 

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.